This body of visual media represents an innovative and highly accurate visualization of biological, medical, and surgical subjects for the health sciences. I not only work efficiently on my own, but also effectively as an integral part of a team. As a medical illustrator, I combine vision and attention to detail with the precision and drive to exceed expectations and create lasting imagery for your audience. If you have any questions, comments, or project inquiries, please do not hesitate to contact me.

  • Antimicrobial Nanoparticles

    Cinema 4D

    This image was developed as cover art for Nature Nanotechnology. It illustrates environmentally benign antimicrobial nanoparticles.

  • Physician Compare

    Adobe Illustrator

    This graphic illustrates the process of accessing physician comparison sites and how they can be properly used to evaluate physicians and their treatment outcomes.

  • Lasker Awards Theme Issue Cover

    Maxon Cinema 4D, Adobe Photoshop, Adobe InDesign

    This theme issue cover illustration was designed to honor the 70th birthday of the Lasker awards. The Lasker Awards are among the most respected science prizes in the world. Since 1945, the Awards Program has recognized the contributions of scientists, physicians, and public servants who have made major advances in the understanding, diagnosis, treatment, cure, and prevention of human disease. Lasker Awards often presage future recognition by the Nobel committee.

  • RNA Virus

    Maxon Cinema 4D, Adobe Photoshop, Adobe Illustrator

    Advances in genomic technologies have improved the efficiency and tractibility of pathogen discovery, detection, and tracking clinical and public health settings. This illustration pieces together the structure and genetic information of rna viruses.

  • Child Health Theme Issue Cover

    Maxon Cinema 4D, Adobe Photoshop, Adobe InDesign

    Caring for children involves a different set of diseases, such as congenital anomalies, different concerns, such as developmental issues, and different treatments. This issue focuses on the importance of child health, with the hope of providing research findings and other information that will help advance and improve the health of children today and perhaps the health of the nation in the future.

  • CRISPR-Cas9 Mediated Technology

    Adobe Photoshop, Adobe Illustrator

    The natural dual-tracrRNA:crRNA complex was engineered as a single-guide RNA (sgRNA) that retains 2 critical features: the 20-nucleotide guide sequence that specifies DNA binding by Watson-Crick base pairing and the hairpin structure that recruits Cas9.

  • Acne

    Adobe Photoshop, Adobe Illustrator

    This illustration shows the different types of acne a patient may present with. Acne is the most common skin disorder in the United States, and usually affects the face, chest, and upper back. Untreated acne can cause temporary skin discoloration or permanent scarring.

  • Carotid Arteries

    Adobe Photoshop, Adobe Illustrator

    This illustration shows the antomical structure of the carotid arteries and common location of carotid stenosis. Carotid stenosis, also called carotid artery disease, refers to narrowing of the major blood vessels in the neck, which can sometimes lead to stroke.

  • Aedes Aegypti Mosquitos

    Adobe Photoshop, Adobe Illustrator

    This graphic shows the population differences between Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus mosquitos within the United States.

  • Hepatitis C Testing

    Adobe Photoshop, Adobe Illustrator

    This illustration illuminates those most at risk of contracting Hepatitis C and who should be tested. Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is an infection that affects the liver. Hepatitis C is contagious and is usually transmitted through blood. People with acute HCV, a short-term illness, usually do not have symptoms and do not know they are infected. Most eventually develop chronic HCV, a long-term illness.

  • Crohn's Disease

    Adobe Photoshop, Adobe Illustrator

    This illustration depicts common intestinal discomfort and location associated with crohn's disease. People with Crohn's disease have inflamed tissues in their digestive tract. Crohn's disease is one type of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). It is a chronic (long-lasting) condition. Crohn's disease can develop at any age, but it most commonly develops between ages 20 and 30 years.

  • Coronary Arteries

    Adobe Photoshop, Adobe Illustrator

    Coronary heart disease refers to heart disease resulting from the buildup of plaque (collection of cholesterol, calcium, and other materials) in the coronary arteries (blood vessels) that supply blood to the heart. Some people who have coronary heart disease have no symptoms of the disease.

  • Influenza Vaccine

    Maxon Cinema 4D, Adobe Photoshop, Adobe Illustrator

    Influenza, also called “the flu,” is caused by the influenza virus. It affects the lungs and can cause symptoms such as fever and trouble breathing. Most people recover from the flu on their own. The best way to protect yourself from getting influenza is to get vaccinated every year.

  • Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement

    Maxon Cinema 4D, Adobe Photoshop, Adobe Illustrator

    This illustration shows the anatomical structure of the heart valves. The aortic valve is a 1-way gate between the largest chamber of the heart, the left ventricle, and the rest of the body. Sometimes, as people age, the aortic valve stops opening properly and does not let enough blood through. This condition is called aortic stenosis. Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) is a way to treat aortic stenosis.

  • Hepatitis C

    Adobe Photoshop, Adobe Illustrator

    This illustration shows the steps in the Hepatitis C virus life cycle targeted by directly acting antiviral agents. Directly acting antiviral agents (DAAs) disrupt hepatitis C virus (HCV) replication by targeting critical enzymatic steps in the HCV life cycle.

  • Diabetes Theme Issue

    Adobe Photoshop, Adobe Illustrator, Adobe InDesign

    The goals this theme issue are to inform readers about the latest research in both type 1 and type 2 diabetes and to provide useful reviews of the current state of basic and clinical science underlying diabetes treatments. The international obesity epidemic has certainly accelerated the need to better understand the epidemiology, identification, and treatment of diabetes.

  • Tobacco Control Theme Issue Cover

    Adobe Photoshop, Adobe InDesign

    Tobacco is a global product and a global problem with multiple examples of cross-national marketing and distribution. Efforts to combat tobacco have seen some success in the United States, but there is still a long way to go.

  • Warning Signs of a Stroke

    Adobe Photoshop, Adobe Illustrator

    A stroke is a sudden event that leads to change or loss of brain function. A stroke happens when part of the brain is damaged because of either the blockage of a blood vessel or the rupture of a blood vessel in the brain. This illustration shows stroke recognition and response steps.

  • Ulcerative Colitis and Crohn Disease

    Adobe Photoshop, Adobe Illustrator

    Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) such as ulcerative colitis and Crohn disease make the bowel (intestine) inflamed, irritated, swollen, and unable to function in a healthy way.

  • Medical Credit Cards

    Adobe Photoshop, Adobe Illustrator

    Medical credit cards and loans offered by financing companies and health care professionals are used to pay for expensive medical procedures not covered by health insurance.

  • Cardiovascular Disease Cover

    Maxon Cinema 4D, Adobe Photoshop, Adobe Illustrator

    This theme issue on cardiovascular disease was published to coincide with the American Heart Association Scientific Sessions. This illustration shows the formation of an atherosclerotic plaque and the cellular changes associated with the infiltration immune cells.

  • Normal Conjunctival Anatomy

    Adobe Photoshop, Adobe Illustrator

    The conjunctiva is a thin membrane covering the sclera (bulbar conjunctiva) and the inside of the eyelids (palpebral conjunctiva).

  • Anal Fissure

    Adobe Photoshop, Adobe Illustrator

    An anal fissure is a tear in the opening of the anus that can cause pain, itching, and bleeding. The pain, which can be quite severe, usually occurs during and after a bowel movement. The most common cause of anal fissures is constipation, but diarrhea can be a cause as well. Treatment involves changing your diet to eliminate diarrhea or constipation, or topical medications to help heal the tear. However, some people need surgery to treat an anal fissure.

  • Osteoporosis

    Adobe Photoshop, Adobe Illustrator

    This illustration shows the remodeling effects of osteoporosis. Osteoporosis is the most common bone disease and is twice as common in women as in men. People with osteoporosis have thinning of their bones, causing their bones to become fragile and to fracture (break) easily. Most people do not know they have osteoporosis until they fall and break a bone, usually their spine, wrist, or hip. However, you can find out if you have osteoporosis by having your bone mineral density (BMD) measured.

  • e-Cigarettes

    Maxon Cinema 4D, Adobe Photoshop, Adobe Illustrator

    This illustration shows the structure of an electronic cigarette. Electronic cigarettes, also known as e-cigarettes, are designed as a substitute for cigarette smoking.

  • Hospital Alarm Fatigue

    Adobe Photoshop, Adobe Illustrator

    This illustration explains the concept of alarm fatigue. Although devices to monitor various aspects of a patient in the hospital are intended to improve safety, sometimes they cause harm. The number of conditions and therapeutics to be monitored, “alarm fatigue” caused by the large number of alarms, and a lack of commitment by hospital staff all can lead to dire consequences.

  • Hospital Admissions

    Maxon Cinema 4D, Adobe Photoshop, Adobe Illustrator

    This editorial illustration shows the genetic information collected from patients upon hospital admission.

  • Cardiac Troponins

    Maxon Cinema 4D, Adobe Photoshop, Adobe Illustrator

    This illustration shows the structure of normal cardiac troponins versus ischemia-induced cardiomyocyte damage.

  • Placenta Accreta

    Adobe Photoshop, Adobe Illustrator

    This illustration shows normal placentation versus placenta accreta with previa on multiple anatomical levels, including the vascular changes associated with each.

  • DNA Damage

    Maxon Cinema 4D, Adobe Photoshop

    This still uses light and color to indicate areas of possible damage to the DNA strands genetic material and make up.

  • Fertilization Scale Guide

    Adobe Photoshop

    This scale guide indicates the relative size and proportions of those players in the human fertilization process. From a design stand point I tried to convey the necessary information as effectively as possible with a clean style.

  • Extensor Indicis Tendon Transfer Surgery

    Graphite Pencil, Adobe Photoshop

    This surgical procedure is typically illustrated schematically for educational materials. Here, I tried to illuminate the technical aspects of this procedure in a more informative manner. I used this piece to develop a tonal rendering technique (using toned paper to add depth) and a more comprehensive surgical illustration style.

  • Muscular Anatomy of the Neck

    Graphite Pencil,  Adobe Photoshop

    This illustration was designed to be an overview for the musculature of the neck and was created with medical students in mind as the target audience.

  • Flexible Endoscope

    Adobe Photoshop

    This piece was a tonal exercise in Photoshop to gain experience rendering surgical tools for marketing and advertisement purposes.

  • Blood Supply to the Spinal Cord and Nerves

    Graphite Pencil,  Adobe Photoshop

    One of the main objectives of this illustration was to clarify how blood supplies the spinal cord and spinal nerves to neuroanatomy students.

  • Sutures and Fontanelles of the Developing Fetal Skull

    Adobe Photoshop

    This illustration depicts the sutures and fontanelles of the developing fetal skull. The intended audience for this illustration is college and graduate level students.

  • Pharmaceutical Advertisement for Oral Contraceptives

    Maxon Cinema 4D

    The biochemical reactions and physiological responses of a drug often occur by a specific mechanism of action involving known molecules. The technique used to create this image converts molecular assets from the protein data bank into 3D models, and then places them into an appropriate context. I used this project to explore and gain experience with molecular modeling concepts and techniques, as well as with producing dynamic visuals for product marketing.

  • Artificial Liver: A Blueprint in the Making

    Graphite Pencil, Adobe Photoshop

    The ability to produce powerful graphics that convey immense amounts of information is an essential tool for a successful illustrator. This infographic was designed to be featured in popular magazines, such as Scientific American. The goal of this piece was to present the complex medical subjects involved with extracorporeal liver assist devices, in an understandable form to the reader.

  • Surgical Instrument

    Adobe Illustrator

    This vector illustration of a simple instrument was an exercise in visual distortion in perspective. To create a tightly rendered illustration, direct observation was used to differentiate between sharp edges, beveled edges, and rolling surfaces.

  • Fetal/Maternal Circulation

    Adobe Photoshop

    The objective of this illustration was to create a simple, clear, yet elegant illustration that medical students can use to become familiar with the circulation from the placenta through the fetus so they could diagram it for themselves.

  • Molecular Infographic-Cardiomyocyte

    Adobe Illustrator

    Created as part of a series for a journal article, this illustration diagrams molecular interactions and cascades of Endothelin within a cardiomyocyte.

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  • Superficial Parotid Lobectomy

    Adobe Photoshop

    This illustration provides an overview of a lobectomy of the superficial parotid gland and a solid tumor. It was created with surgical residents, allied health, and nursing personnel in mind as the target audience.

  • Lefort I Osteotomy

    Adobe Photoshop and Osirix

    A lefort I osteotomy with advancement and rotation was performed on a patient with hemifacial microsomia of the goldenhar variant to restore and enhance mandibular shape and function. A non-linear approach was used to create an engaging surgical illustration for medical students on surgical rotation, surgery interns, and residents.

  • Editorial Illustration

    Graphite Pencil, Adobe Photoshop

    Using the cover layout of American Family Physician, I developed an image that sums up the surgical concept of port-a-cath placement for chemotherapy. To develop a dynamic and captivating illustration, special attention was paid to perspective and color treatment.

  • Coronary Artery Anomalies

    Adobe Photoshop & Flash

    This interactive piece presents coronary artery anomalies, a specific type of congenital heart defect, along with normal heart anatomy.

  • Cerebral Palsy Handwriting Simulator

    Adobe Flash

    This interactive module was developed for the Occupational Therapy Department at the Medical College of Georgia. As a learning tool, users can actively write their own name and compare it to the handwritting of someone with cerebral palsy.